About Estonia


Estonia is a country of 1.3 million inhabitants in the Baltic region of Northern Europe bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia. Across the Baltic Sea lie Sweden and Finland.


In the humid continental climate, the average temperature in the warmest month of the year, July, is around +16 °C, and in the coldest month, February, the temperature falls on average to -7 °C. Being that far north, Estonia enjoys 19 hours of daylight in the summer, and suffers in contrast in the winter with only 6 hours of daylight.

In 2018, the Republic of Estonia is celebrating its centenary. Through its 100 years, Estonia has experienced turbulent times with trying to find its place in the unstable world between the World Wars, fending off both Soviet and German forces in World War II, losing its independence from 1944-1991, and finally restoring the Republic through the Singing Revolution in the end of the 1980s. In the midst of the crumbling of the Soviet Union, Estonia declared its re-independence on August 20, 1991. If you wish to learn more about Estonian history we recommend you visit the Estonian History Museum and the Museum of Occupations in Tallinn.

Estonia has been a member of the European Union and NATO as of 2004 and uses the euro as its currency as of 2011. Nowadays, Estonia is regarded as a frontrunner in technological achievements due to companies like Skype, TransferWise, and GrabCAD having its beginnings here, as well as due to the amount of government services offered online. For more information, you are welcome to visit the E-Estonia showroom that presents e-services such as voting, e-healthcare, and e-school, and gives an overview of e-residency (a transnational digital identity that you can also apply for).   


Lastly, some practical information about Estonia:

  • right-handed traffic
  • 230 v voltage and type f power sockets
  • 112 emergency number
  • +372 dialling code
  • UTC +2 time zone
  • reflector is compulsory in dark
  • Estonian is the official language

More information about Estonia and Estonians can be found at https://estonia.ee/ .

About Tallinn

The Estonian capital city of Tallinn is situated on the Northern shore of the country. Home to around 449 600 inhabitants, Tallinn can be described as a meeting point of medieval heritage and high tech. On the one hand, Tallinn’s Old Town is recognized as an UNESCO World Heritage Site as one of the best preserved medieval towns in Europe. Major sights such as the Town Hall square, the city wall and towers (notably "Fat Margaret" and "Kiek in de Kök"), as well as a number of medieval churches are excellent examples of the city’s rich history. On the other hand, Tallinn can boast about a sizzling start-up scene, and the presence of global cyber security facilities such as the European Union IT agency, and NATO Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence.



Even though Tallinn is probably best known for its red-roofed Old Town, there are also other worthy parts of Tallinn one should visit. One such example is Kadriorg – home of the Kadriorg Palace, KUMU Art Museum, and the Song Festival Grounds.

You can also enjoy a seaside stroll toward Pirita yacht harbour with great views on the Tallinn skyline, especially at sunset.




If you would want to spend a nice evening outside the Old Town, it is recommended to go towards Kalamaja where many trendy restaurants, cafes, and bars are located. 

For more information on Tallinn, check out the Free Walking tours offered daily by Tallinn Traveller Tours, and the recommendations by locals on Like A Local website.